Energy produced from wind is the second most important development in Brazil’s energy matrix. According to the Brazilian Association of Wind Energy (ABEEólica), Brazil’s wind farm production reached 15.1 GW of the installed capacity, exceeding the biomass-generated energy in the national ranking already in the first half of 2019.
Hydroelectric power plants still lead the ranking, hands down. Their production capacity is of 104.5 GW (63.7% of all energy generated in the country). Wind power shares 9.2% and biomass 9%, followed by natural gas (8.1%), oil (5.4%), coal (2%), photovoltaic energy (1.3%) and nuclear power (1.2%), according to data from the National Energy Agency.
“If we consider that wind power had 1 GW installed in 2011, such relevant mark in the electric matrix is impressive,” celebrated Elbia Gannoum, CEO of ABEEólica.
In 2018, this source generated 48.4 TWh of electric power, accounting for 8.6% of all generation injected in the National Interconnected System. That’s a 14.6% growth in comparison to the previous year. “We can say that energy produced by wind power plants last year, on average, would be enough to supply 25.5 million homes, or about 80 million people,” explained Elbia.
Composition of Wind Power in Brazil
The total capacity of 15 GW of wind power in Brazil comes from 7 thousand wind turbines installed in 601 wind farms across 12 states. The Northeast concentrates 86% of production, with the states of Rio Grande do Norte, Bahia, Ceará and Piauí standing out; apart from this region, the main producer is Rio Grande do Sul.
The sector estimates that this installed capacity will keep growing. Over 4.6 GW are already contracted or under construction, expected to deliver at least 19.7 GW by 2023.
“For Brazil, specifically, a remarkable factor is the quality of our winds. While the world’s average capacity factor is about 25%, Brazil’s average capacity factor was 42% in 2018, and it’s very common to see farms in Northeast exceeding 80%,” justified Elbia. “This makes the production of wind turbines installed in Brazilian soil much higher than the production of the same machines in other countries,” she completed.
Content published in August 12, 2019