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Who is Sophia, the first robot with legal rights?

The humanoid has Audrey Hepburn's looks and top artificial intelligence; it received honorary citizenship from Saudi Arabia

Sophia is the most advanced humanoid robot ever built and was created with the most recent artificial intelligence technology. She can carry out conversations, reproduce more than 60 facial expressions and learn with those she interacts with. The android also has the facial features of Audrey Hepburn and was awarded, by Saudi Arabia, an honorary citizenship that grants here the same rights as those of human saudis.

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Who is Sophia?

“Hi, this is Sophia. I don’t really know what  it means to be human”. These were Sophia’s first words when she was “born”, in 2015. She is the most advanced humanoid robot in the world.

Sophia is so real that Saudi Arabia awarded her honorary citizenship. This means she has the same rights as any other Saudi Arabian. It also means she has responsibilities and autonomy that no robot has ever had. This requires unprecedented discernment by those programming  the artificial intelligence module that controls Sophia.

The “human robot” was built by Hanson Robotics and uses a technology similar to the one in personal assistants such as Apple’s Siri. Her facial features were inspired by the look of Audrey Hepburn, and she can reproduce at least 62 facial expressions. Sophia’s eyes have cameras that help reading human reactions and allow her to act normally.

The robot works in three modes:
– binary, for simple questions
– bot, for preestablished sentences and
– artificial intelligence, for complex interactions.

After Sophia, Hanson Robotics is now investing on a model with Albert Einstein’s face.

The AI industry

Artificial intelligence is already a reality. Today, technology-based solutions help doctors diagnose, invest in the stock market, partake in the board of large companies and even build empathy between people from different realities. In the coming years, the technology will likely keep its ever-growing pace. Between 2017 and 2018, artificial intelligence-derived businesses are about to increase 70% and end the year with an estimated value of US$ 1.2 trillion, according to advisory firm Gartner. By 2022, this amount is to double and reach US$ 3.9 trillion – superior to Brazil’s gross domestic product, which closed 2017 in BRL 6.6 trillion.

Content published in August 24, 2018

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