Congresso Nacional, em Brasília. Crédito: Pedro França/Agência Senado

Diversity in Congress: who won in Brazil’s elections

Despite the high rate of renewal in the Chamber and Senate, the diversity of the elected for the Brazilian Congress doesn’t match its distribution by ethnicity, age and gender of the population as a whole

The elections held in Brazil in 2018 chose representatives of the Executive for the positions of President and Governors of 26 units of the Federation. In the election, 513 Federal deputies and 54 of the 91 Federal Senators were also chosen. The elected have the mission of representing the Brazilian population in the Legislative and Executive branches.

The election registered a renewal above normal. Among Federal Deputies, there are 243 new positions, which represent a   47.3% index of renewal. In the Senate, the numbers are even more significant: 46 of the 54 positions were taken by new names; in other words, renewal above 85%.

Nevertheless, despite the news, Congress, in particular, is far from reflecting the distribution of the Brazilian population regarding gender, ethnicity and age.

According to data provided by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the current Brazilian population is 208.5 million. From this total, 51.5% are women and 48.5% are men. Still according to IBGE, the greatest majority of the population is between 30 and 34 years old (17 million), with an average of 34.7 years old.  From the ethnic perspective, most Brazilians claim to be multiracial (46.7%), followed by white (44.2%), black (8.2%) and Asian or indigenous peoples (total 0.9%).

Among those elected for the Legislative branch, the numbers differ in a significant way compared with the data from IBGE. Considering the Senators, the average age is 56 years old, and  87% of the new ones are men (13% are women), 79.9% are white (multiracial are 20.4% and 5.7% are black). Among Deputies, the average age is 49.2 years old, the gender distribution presents 85% of men and 15% of women and the ethnicity distribution is  75% white, 20.3% multiracial, 4.1% black and Asian and indigenous peoples 0.4% each.

Learn more:
Diversity and inclusion in the workplace: a worthy challenge
The role of affirmative action regarding diversity in institution
Why it’s pointless to say women should earn less than men

The Superior Electoral Court (TSE) provided the data used by Bluevision to produce an infographic distributed by The Federation States. See below:

Infográfico sobre diversidade no Congresso

 

Conteúdo publicado em 31/01/2019